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Financial and Health Burdens of Chronic Disease Grow Between 2003 and 2007
More Working-Age Americans with Chronic Conditions Go Without Care as Medical-Bill Problems Rise
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In 2007, 28 percent of working-age adults (18-64) with chronic conditionsmore than 20 million peoplereported that their families had trouble paying medical bills in the past yearup from 21 percent in 2003, according to findings from HSCs 2007 Health Tracking Household Survey, a nationally representative survey containing information on 10,000 working-age adults. The survey had a 43 percent response rate.
And, working-age adults with chronic conditions and medical bill problems were much more likely to forgo or delay needed care because of cost concerns25 percent, or 5.1 million people, went without needed care; 50 percent, or 10 million people, delayed care; and 56 percent, or 11.3 million people, did not fill a drug prescription in 2007, the study found.
The study also found that the overall prevalence of chronic conditions increased between 2003 and 2007. In 2007, 39 percent of the working-age population, or 72 million people, had at least one chronic health condition, such as diabetes, asthma or depressiona significant increase from 35 percent in 2003 and 34 percent in 2001. The rise in chronic conditions, especially for diabetes, hypertension and heart disease, tracked rising U.S. obesity rates. Between 2003 and 2007, the proportion of working-age Americans classified as obesethose with a body mass index of 30 or highergrew from 25 percent to 29 percent, the study found.
"The rising prevalence and increasing financial burden of chronic conditions mean more working-age Americans than ever are forgoing or delaying medical care because of concerns that they cannot afford treatment," said Ha. T. Tu, M.P.A. an HSC senior health researcher and coauthor of the study with HSC Research Assistant Genna R. Cohen. HSC is a nonpartisan health policy research organization funded in part by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which funded the survey and the study.
The studys findings are detailed in a new HSC Tracking ReportFinancial and Health Burdens of Chronic Conditions Growavailable here. Other key findings include:
The Center for Studying Health System Change is a nonpartisan policy research organization committed to providing objective and timely research on the nations changing health system to help inform policy makers and contribute to better health care policy. HSC, based in Washington, D.C., is funded principally by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and is affiliated with Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.